新課改背景下高中英語閱讀教學研究

                                  新課改背景下高中英語閱讀教學研究

                                  湖南省長沙市明達中學  郭蘭蓮

                                      摘要:英語是高中階段必須掌握的一項重要語言技能。在整個教學過程中,我們應該注重培養和提高學生的聽、說、讀、寫能力。其中,學生的閱讀能力是學好英語的最基本要求。然而,高中英語閱讀教學仍然存在一些不足和問題,制約著高中英語閱讀教學有效性的提高。基于此,本文分析了高中英語閱讀教學中存在的問題,并提出了相應的解決辦法,以提高高中英語閱讀教學的有效性,促進學生的全面發展。

                                      關鍵詞:新課程改革;高中英語;閱讀教學;課堂教學;教學策略

                                      前言:在高中英語教學中,閱讀教學起著非常重要的作用和地位,這是提高英語課堂教學效率和有效性的關鍵途徑。然而,長期以來,受傳統教育觀念的影響,實際閱讀教學中存在一些問題,如方法單一、觀念落后,嚴重影響了高中英語閱讀教學的良好發展,不利于學生對英語學習的興趣,加重了學生和教師的負擔。因此,在實際教學中,一些教師忽視了學生在課堂教學中的主體地位,不利于學生的全面發展。由此可見,在分析問題的基礎上,深入研究相應的解決方案是非常重要的。

                                      一、高中英語閱讀教學中存在的問題分析

                                      在閱讀教學中,教師忽視了學生閱讀興趣的有效培養。主要原因是教師的教學方法相對單一,學生對教學內容不感興趣,學生在被動的環境中學習,這不利于學生主體性的體現,也不能激發學生的閱讀學習興趣。在閱讀教學中,教師忽視了學生自主學習能力的培養。受傳統教學觀念的影響,教師過分重視自己在教學中的主導作用,為學生制作閱讀材料。學生在學習過程中過于依賴老師,缺乏自主學習的能力,不利于他們英語閱讀學習效率和成績的提高。

                                      二、高中英語閱讀教學中存在問題的解決策略

                                      (一)優化教學方法,激發學生閱讀學習興趣

                                      在高中英語閱讀教學中,教師應優化教學方法,充分激發學生的閱讀學習興趣,在實際教學中,以學生為中心,關注學生的發展和學習需求。隨著現代教育技術在教學中的融合,多媒體技術在高中英語閱讀教學中的應用越來越廣泛。因此,教師可以利用多媒體技術優化教學方法,激發學生的學習興趣。

                                      例如,在Module1 3 Unit?1《?The?world?of?our?senses》的教學中,教師可以選擇合適的圖片向學生展示不同的感官,然后播放一些相關的視頻,將課本中的知識可視化,吸引學生,激發學生的興趣,并將閱讀教學融入一些情感教育中。視頻廣播可以提高學生保護自己和珍惜生命的意識。

                                      (二)創新教學理念,培養學生自主學習能力

                                      在高中英語閱讀教學中,教師應創新教學理念,有效培養學生的自主學習能力,在實際教學中以學生為中心,關注學生的發展和學習需求。教師應該在教學中打破傳統。在充分利用教材內容進行教學的同時,他們還應該推薦學生閱讀教材以外的文章,引導學生合理選擇閱讀材料,通過加強學生的自主閱讀習慣,有效提高學生的英語綜合運用能力。

                                      例如:在教學Module1 3 Unit?2 ?Language》一課時,可以先提出這樣的問題:

                                      1.How many languages do you know?

                                      2.What languages are commonly used in the world today?

                                      然后讓學生閱讀這些問題的全文,并回答老師的問題。思考和研究問題的過程就是學生自主學習的過程。這樣可以培養學生的自主學習能力,促進學生的全面發展。

                                      (三)完善教學內容,提升學生英語閱讀技巧

                                      在高中英語閱讀教學中,教師應改進教學內容,有效提高學生的英語閱讀技能,在實際教學中以學生為中心,關注學生的發展和學習需求。為了提高教學效率,在日常閱讀教學中,我們應該正確引導學生如何廣泛深入地閱讀,如何快速捕捉每一段的中心句子,幫助學生更好地理解文章的內容。

                                      例如,在教學Module1 6 Unit?4 ?Helping?people?around?the?world?》一課時,教師可以在學生閱讀文章內容后解釋和補充文章中的語法點,如時間狀語從句、定語從句和被動語態,從而完善教學。同時,它可以補充課外內容,它還能加強學生在語法和語調方面的應用,有效提高學生的英語閱讀能力。以學生為中心的課堂教學能夠充分體現學生的主體性,在改進英語教學內容的同時,也注重培養和提高學生的英語閱讀能力。

                                      結語:綜上所述,隨著新課程改革的深入發展,在此背景下,教師應深刻認識不利于閱讀教學良好發展的問題,大膽探索,解放思想,充分激發英語閱讀課堂教學的活力,增強學生的閱讀教學興趣,培養學生的閱讀教學興趣。有效促進學生實現更全面的發展,促進高中英語課堂教學質量和效率的有效提高,為新課程改革的更好發展奠定良好的基礎和前提。

                                   

                                  參考文獻:

                                  [1]陳雪燕.指向發展高階思維的ISEP高中英語閱讀教學模式——以人教版模塊8第一單元A land of diversity:Reading California為例[J].福建基礎教育研究,2018(10):75-78.

                                  [2]沈兆君.“掌握學習”理論在高中英語閱讀教學中的運用——以高考英語閱讀理解“七選五”題型為例[J].英語教師,2018,18(16):10-13.

                                  [3]王雪.優化英語閱讀教學設計,培育學生學科核心素養——以蘇教版Module1 Unit2·Project為例[J].科教導刊(下旬),2018(08):105-106.

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